TYPES OF CONDENSER MICROPHONES AND THEIR USES
Condenser microphones are commonly used in recording studios. These microphones use external sources of power, batteries or phantom power. The phantom power is supplied by the mixer to which the mic is linked. There are different types of condenser mics. In addition to being used in recording studios, condenser microphones are also used overhead for live sound music during the performance by choirs, bands, pianos and cymbals.
Types of condenser microphones
- Large-diaphragm condenser microphones
These microphones have diaphragms which are about an inch in diameter. Microphones with large diaphragms are very sensitive to external sounds. If using this microphone, you need a suspension mounting to block external interferences. These mics are excellent for overhead sound effects of drums. They are also used for voice recordings. These microphones can be pricy. However, you can get fairly priced ones that work well if you are looking to recording unprofessionally.
- Side address condenser microphones
As the name suggests, the user of the mic seems to be using it from the side, if the position of the mic is placed in a vertical direction. These microphones have a flat windscreen over a large diaphragm. The two are placed horizontally at a 90-degree angle.
- Tube condenser microphones
These are microphones that are considered vintage. They were used in broadcast studios long ago. The sounds produced by these mics are well rounded and produce beautiful sounds. Despite them being vintage, they are still being produced today and are preferred by some broadcasters and professional studios. However, these mics need constant power supply that should be the right voltage.
- Small diaphragm condenser microphones
These microphones are often used in live recording sessions. These microphones produce high frequency sounds. It is also ideal for sudden changes in volume. An example of these changes includes the use of cymbals. Using this microphone over the cymbals will have an excellent effect. These microphones depend on phantom power or the use of batteries.
- USB microphones
If you are an amateur who wants to taste his hand in recording, this is the right mic for you. You can use the sound card of a computer. The computer has made anything possible. If you have the right program, then this fairly priced mic is ideal for you. Amazingly, these mics can be configured to be used on your smart phone. Your phone becomes the mixer. You can then produce music wherever you are.
Evidently, there is a large array of condenser microphones to choose from. It is entirely up to you to decide which one meets your needs. Have your budget ready, write down expected use of microphone, go to the store and make your purchase. It is that easy. These microphones are obviously a powerful selection that is ideal for music lovers as well as those that want to amplify the sound produced by their musical instruments. Whichever side you fall on, you will love the music and sounds produced by these microphones.
MISTAKES PEOPLE MAKE WHEN USING A MICROPHONE
Using a Microphones – When used properly, can turn a rather boring event into an amazing one. Microphones not only keep the audience alert, it amplifies speech of the speaker. The audience is able to hear your jokes and everyone gets to have a laugh. There is nothing as annoying when a section of the audience is left wondering why the rest are laughing and are left passing notes to one another asking what you said. It is important to ensure you use the microphone well if you want to make an impact with your audience.
What not to do when using a microphone
- It takes a lot of input to make an event successful. So many factors may not go as planned because they are beyond your control. However it is important to do all you can to make the event a success for you and your audience. Even if you have spoken in many events such as this, you are never too experienced to do a mic check. Do not wait until it is your turn to speak to ask the audience if they can hear you. You should be confident enough on the performance of the mic before going on stage.
- Whatever you do, steer away from the speakers. That screeching sound no only shows you are amateurs, it is also distracting. There is nothing wrong with being an amateur, what you need not do is announce it to all and sundry. Give them the impression you have done this all your life. If you ooze of confidence, the audience is likely to be keen on what you have to say.
- Holding the microphone and not using it is a common mistake. If you have the microphone, kindly use it. It has a purpose. It is easy for a new user to forget that he has it in his hands. Try as much as possible not to forget.
- A lavalier mic is supposed to be clipped on your clothing. It is designed that way. Do not use it as a hand microphone.
- Microphones that have the on and off switches can be an embarrassment. It is always off when the most important speaker wants to use it. I bet you have been in events where this happens. Worse, no one is able to switch it on so they run around looking for another mic.
- Cupping the mic is something musicians do to create a boom. Leave that to them. Do not do this at an event unless you are trying to create the same impact musicians do.
Speaking in front of an audience is hard enough. All you can do is prepare yourself then pray that Murphy’s Law does not catch up with you. If you are adequately prepared to address the audience, then you have nothing to worry about. Proper use of the microphone is important for the audiences who have taken time to come and listen to you. The least you can do is prepare adequately so the output is great for all in attendance.
THE PROPER USE OF A MICROPHONE
Ever been at an event where the speaker is using a microphone but you can barely hear them? Microphones are supposed to amplify your voice. It is not a substitute. You still need to speak loud enough to be heard. This of course does not mean you shout. You should be loud enough for the microphone to perform its task efficiently. When a speaker is nervous, his speech may be affected resulting in poor sound output when using the microphone. It is therefore important to know the basics when it comes to usage of a microphone before using one.
Things to do before using the microphone for the first time
- You should do a sound check to make sure the microphone is working properly. Often the technician manages the sound effects based on the size of the room. You need to work with him to ensure sound doesn’t bounce off resulting in an echo. It has to be balanced well and comfortable for the audience when they listen to you.
- Find out how the microphone works. Learn how to turn it on or off. More importantly, find out how to tell when the mic is on or off. Failure to know the basics on handling the microphone can make you nervous and this will affect the quality of sound you produce.
- You also need to know the modes the microphone can be tune to. If it can be put on standby or mute mode. This is ideal if you need to seek clarification or if someone approaches you at the podium. You do not want the audience to know of any problems you may be facing at the event.
- If you can, get someone who will act as an audience for you if you are feeling rather nervous. He will be able to give you feedback as a member of the audience so you can know if you are loud or too low.
- Know which type of mic you will be using beforehand. Some mics such as the lavaliere will influence your drees code. It needs a place it can be clipped on your clothing. You therefore need to wear a jacket or top that is ideal for this type of microphone.
- Make sure your clothing, hair or jewelry does not interfere with the microphone as it will create a feedback that will interrupt your speech.
- Always endeavor to be at the right posture when using a microphone. Your airwaves need to be clear for proper voice output.
- Like any other activity you undertake, it is important to warm up before using the microphone in front of an audience. Have you seen how musicians warm up before a show? It is the same concept. Your voice will come out clearer after a warm up.
Using a microphone is easy if you follow the above steps. In no time, you will get the hang of it and will be able to handle subsequent meetings with ease. Microphones are there to make a better impact and reach the audience without your straining your voice. You can get quality microphone reviews at musicreviewhub
TYPES OF MICROPHONES AND THEIR USES
There are so many types of microphones that are designed for a specific purpose. Manufacturers know the dynamic use of microphones; this is why they invest in as many types as possible for maximum productivity based on your needs. Whatever your function or action, you will find a microphone best suited for that purpose. When you walk into a store selling microphones, you will be amazed by the wide range of microphones and prices. It may be true that the more expensive the mic, the better the sound. This does not mean that fairly priced mics will not perform well. If you have a shoe string budget, you can still get a good mic at a fair price. Dynamic microphones fall in the category of fairly priced well performing mics.
Types of dynamic microphones
These are the ones used mostly. They have a high Sound Pressure Level (SPL). It can be used during functions and is loud enough to be heard for quite a distance. These microphones perform well and are fairly priced.
- Drum microphones
Different drums produce different sounds. The cymbals which come with the drums kit also produce its own sound. Drum microphones comes in sets of many microphones, sometimes 5 or more. Using these microphones to amplify the sound produced by the drums kit makes the sound produced more enjoyable.
- Microphones for brass, reeds, stringed and wind instruments
This microphone is very small and light in weight. It is especially designed with a frequency that receives sound from the specific instrument. It comes with a mounting that is used to attach the mic to the instrument.
- Bullet microphone
This microphone is designed for the harmonica. The round short casing makes it easy for it to be wound on the players hand close to the harmonica. The sound produced is splendid when the microphone amplifies it.
- Wireless microphones
Wireless microphones are similar to those that have codes. The only difference is the wireless microphone has a transmitter that allows it to move at a wider range. The receiver unit of the wireless microphone is attached to the PA system or to a mixer. Radio frequency is used to provide the signal needed by the wireless microphone.
Whichever microphone you need, you can now make the right decision when it comes to purchasing one. With the wide range of microphones available, it can over whelming making a decision. However, once you know specifically why you need the microphone, making a decision on the type is easier. Take note of possibly the direction the mic will be picking the sound from. This is very important in knowing which mic is ideal for you. You really do not want your event or function ruined because you bought the wrong microphone. A good microphone provides clear sounds without interruption from the environment. Microphone manufacturers have thought of it all, all you need to do is consider what is best for you and make your purchase.
CHOOSING THE RIGHT MICROPHONE FOR YOU
You need a microphone and you think they are all the same, right? As long as it serves its purpose, why bother specifications? Well, microphones come with specification like any other gadget. Based on these specifications, the microphone you choose may make a good buy or not. You should not waste money on a microphone that will be useless to your needs. Before you go to the shop to get yourself a mic, it is important to know how you expect to use it. This is the main factor that will determine what microphone you need to buy.
Characteristics of microphones you need to consider when making a purchase
- Polar Patterns
This refers to the direction from which the mic gets its sound. This is clearly seen in cases where a singer is using a band. It is easy for the whole set to be muddled if the right microphone is not used. Using a microphone that blocks out all the other sounds such that all you hear is the sound of the person singing when he is using the mic.
- A bi-directional mic gets sound from west and east. It however blocks sounds coming from the north and south.
- Uni-directional mics accepts sounds from the front. It blocks out sounds from the back and sides. These are the most commonly used mics.
- Some microphones have multi-patterns. It means you can keep shifting it from one pattern to another depending on your needs at the time. This is an ideal one because you can alter its pattern based on the environment you are working with.
- The sensitivity of the mic to sound. Some mics pick up the smallest sound irrespective of the system used.
- The sound pressure level (SPL) determines how loud the microphone can get. This is a big consideration if loud instruments such as trumpets and drums are used together with the mic.
- The proximity effect of the mic matters as well. This is especially so if the user of the mic would like to emphasize an effect such as bass of an instrument. A mic with a high proximity level does this very well.
It is therefore important for you to understand the purpose of the microphone before you go to buy one. Different microphones serve well depending on the environment in which it is being used. Sound is a very important aspect of a function or event. You do not want to ruin something that would have turned out great by investing in the wrong microphone. Evidently, you will need to learn quite a bit about microphones in your venture to get one. Learning never stops and it is great learning something new especially if has to do with an investment you are making. If you buy a good mic, it will serve you for a long time. Spare a little time to research and make the right decision that will suit your needs and purpose.
Wireless microphone is a simple microphone but it has no wires attached. Previously people had a notion that a microphone has to be something big and must have many wires. But times have changed. And with time the design and technology of microphones also changed.The history of wireless microphone is very interesting. There are many companies and individuals who claim that they are the inventors of this specific type of microphone.In the year 1951, John F Stephens developed a wireless microphone. It was made for a navy musical show. All the singers, players were given their own microphone. And all of them were wireless.In the year 1957, Sennheiser, a manufacturer of German audio equipment who was working with the German Broadcaster called Norddeutscher Rundfunk exhibited one microphone, which was wireless. This system was marketed under the name of Mikroport through Telefunken from the year 1958.
Beyerdynamic, a German equipment manufacturer claimed that Hung. C. Lin first invented the wireless microphone. It was then called a transistophone. Its production started in the year 1962. They also claimed that it was first used in a film called My Fair Lady in 1964. And it was used by rex Harrison in the film.To do away with the wire was not at all an easy task. It took a lot of transmission technologies, standards and frequencies to make this removal. In this microphone transmission is possible in radio waves using VHF or UHF frequencies, AM, FM etc. There are some microphones that cost low. Many of them use infrared light. But this infrared microphone needs a direct line of sight between the receiver and the microphone. But the costlier models do not require this.
Some of the models work on single fixed frequency. But the advanced models do not use them. They work on a user selectable frequency. Using this frequency helps to avoid interference. It also helps to use various numbers of microphones at the same time.Advanced versions of wireless microphone offer a lot of facilities. It gives full freedom of movement to the user. You must be thinking how. Simple. As this microphone is wireless, you can keep it anywhere on your body. Just attach them and you can move freely with them. It does not matter whether you are inside your house or outside. As this microphone has no cable, there is no chance for a problematic cables too.
Wireless microphone is mainly of two types, handheld and body pack.The handheld microphone looks like the conventional microphone. But its body is a bit bigger than the conventional ones. And for that reason it is able to accommodate the battery pack and the transmitter.Body pack is actually a little box. It has got the battery pack and transmitter in it. But it is not a microphone itself. It is attachable to belt. It has got a wire that connects the lavaliere microphone, guitar or headset.Today there are lots of popular brands available for this microphone. All of them offer you a whole lot of new and innovative facilities. Sennheiser, Shure, Lectrosonics, Audio technical, AKG Acoustics, Samson technologies are all big names in this microphone industry.
A wireless microphone is a useful tool which magnifies your voice so that everyone can hear it loudly and clearly. It is useful when speaking in front of a crowd or having a performance. Wireless microphones are the same as cordless microphones and also use the same frequency range such as VHF, UHF, and Gigahertz.In general, the UHF frequency is mostly preferred by professionals. The cheaper type of microphone is the VHF and it is also functional for almost every occasion. As for the Gigahertz, it uses a digital frequency like that found in phones.
Wireless microphones vary in shape as it can be like a hand held microphone or a clip on microphone. But there are also various types of wireless microphones such as the headset type. This type of microphone is very light and fits perfectly on the user’s head. On the other hand, there is also another type of microphone which is called as the karaoke microphone which was introduced in Japan.
The most reliable and flexible wireless microphone is the hand held type. Actually, this is similar to the usual microphone except that it doesn’t have the cords.When you are eyeballing to buy a wireless microphone there are various things to consider. One of your main concerns is that it should meet your needs for the range that the microphone is capable of. True enough, the absence of cables or wires will give you more freedom in terms of microphone use; however, you should also consider the distance that the wireless microphone has to offer. There are some wireless microphones that have limited range of distance, and you should stay away from these microphones if you prefer to use it in a farther range.
Aside from the distance, you should also consider looking for microphones with good battery life specifications. Good wireless microphones have battery level indicators so that users can have a warning and not be surprised when battery runs out especially if it is used in important occasions such as during a speech.Actually, in wireless microphones, one of the biggest disadvantages is the batteries. In older models of wireless microphones, the batteries are not only heavy but also have shorter battery life. Good thing, the latest models of microphones has longer battery life and is already lightweight compared to the models of microphones before.Microphones that have VHF frequency are the most affordable lines of microphones. These VHF microphones, work well in a vast area; however, it won’t produce superb quality in terms of recording. It would be best to research more about these microphones before you will purchase so that you’ll have an idea which one is best for you.
Choosing a microphone shouldn’t be too hard, assuming that you know the differences between microphones and what you will be using yours for. Granted, recording your vocals should not warrant the same type of studio microphone as recording instruments. It’s important to know what you will be using it for, and then going on from there.
A general rule is that dynamic microphones such as the Shure SM58S are exceptional for instruments and life performances. As a matter of fact, if you pay close attention to what most live performers use, you can almost bet, that it will be a Shure SM58S. On the other hand, condenser studio microphones are used for vocals or other soft recordings where details are extremely important. As you can see, having both type of microphones would be beneficial, but that boils down to your budget.
The condenser has a flatter frequency then the dynamic, which for recording vocals is a must. What ends up happening when you record on a condenser studio microphone such as the AKG PERCEPTION 220, you get a more clearer and accurate recording. The dynamic on the other hand, tunes out some of the details because once again, they are meant to be used for instrument recording and live performances.
The condenser studio microphone also requires a preamp or a mixer, which will provide phantom power of around 48 volts. Because the condenser requires the electric juice to run, the preamp serves as a booster. The dynamic doesn’t require any phantom power, seeing as how it’s a more rugged and less sensitive counterpart to its brother microphone, the condenser.There is also another important thing to consider when choosing the perfect studio microphone for you – the pick up pattern. Essentially there are three different kind of “pick up patterns;” the omni directional microphones, the bidirectional microphones, and the unidirectional microphones.The omni directional microphones pick up sounds evenly, so if you have a home recording studio, STAY away from such microphones. Why? It will pick up your TV, your neighbours TV, and your dog barking at the cat.
Bidirectional microphones on the other hand pick up sounds from only two directions, the front and the back. They are often used in radio interviews, which allow people to share a microphone. Unidirectional microphones are the optimal for home recording studios. These microphones pick up sounds from one direction, and allow you to isolate sounds that you don’t want to record quite easily. They also include the cardioid microphone such as the Blue Microphones Baby Bottle Cardioid Condenser Mic.In conclusion, it all depends on what you will be using your microphone for. If you plan on recording instruments or performing live, then a microphone such as the Shure SM58S Vocal Microphone is your best bet. On the other hand, if you are going to be recording vocals and care about the detail and clarity of them, then you have to purchase a condenser studio microphone.